Relevant Algorithm Animations/Visualizations (in Java)


This collection of links to animations/visualizations of algorithms:
Thanks to everyone that made these good/excellent animations available  ! ! !
(I hope they will be maintained, for the pleasure of the rest of us ....)

Do You know about any interesting, relevant, or good animations ? Please, let me know .....

 

[ Ch.3 | Ch.4 | Ch.5 | Ch.8 | Ch.9 | Ch.11 | Ch.12 | Ch.14 | Ch.15 | Ch.16 | Ch.22 | Ch.29 | Ch.30 | Ch.31 | Ch.32 | Ch.33 | FSM ]



 

Collections (pages with a LOT of good animations):

  1. Algoritmik: Animering af algoritmer
  2. Web Data Structures and Algorithms
  3. TRAKLA2 - Exercises
  4. Sorting Algorithm Animations   (All sorting methods in the curriculum. See/use the options at the first line!)
  5. The Sort Algorithm Animator V1.0   (All sorting methods in the curriculum)
  6. Video with misc. sorting algorithms
  7. A Java-Based Implementation of Collaborative Active Textbooks  (JCAT - all sorting methods, except Mergesort )
  8. Sequential and parallel sorting algorithms   (at the top: Insertion, Quick, Heap, Merge and Shell)
  9. Vivo Animations   (requires Vivio ActiveX Player installed!)
  10. hatful of hollow - Visualising Sorting Algorithms   (a different approach .....)


 

Chapter 3: Elementary Data Structures

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Java Applets Centre: Linked List     17-22  
  3   Java Applets Centre: Stack     25-26  
  5   Stack Operation Demonstration Program     27   Reads and calculates a postfix-expression.
  5B   TRAKLA2 - Postfix evaluation     27   Calculates Postfix-expression (both demo ("Model answer") and self-test).
  7   Java Applets Centre: Queue     30-31  
  8   Java Applets Centre: Cyclic Queue     30-31  
  10   Train Sorting with Stacks       Practical "fun" use of stacks.

 

Chapter 4: Trees

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   An Expression Tree Builder and Evaluator     40-43  
  2   Expression Tree Demonstration Program     40-43  
  3   Postfix Enumeration Demonstration Program     42  
  4   Java Applets Centre: Binary Tree Traversal     44-49  
  5   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations     44-49   Choose "Trees - Traversals" in the upper left corner.
  6   Binary Treesome - The Applet     44-49   Choose "Tree: Standard" and "Insert", Build Tree,
  Choose "Iteration", Practice!

 

Chapter 5: Recursion

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
    Textbook Relevant:
  1   The Fibonacci Numbers and the Golden section       A lot of fun stuff about Fibonacci-numbers.
  2   Fibonacci Interactive       Shows the recursive "call tree". Use the "arrows" in the upper left corner.
    Theory Basics:
  1   Introduksjon til rekursjon       Source: http://www.ifi.uib.no/undervisning/iv132/forel/f02.ppt
  2   Lecture3; Linked Lists; Recursion       Go to "Recursion" - 40% from the bottom of the page.
  3   Lecture 3 - Recursion      
  4   Tom Kelliher's Lectures:
                * Introduction to Recursion
                * Recursion, Concepts and Examples
                * More Recursion
                * Recursion, Searching, and Efficiency
                * Recursion as a Problem Solving Technique
     
    Specific:
  1   The Animation of Recursion       Money Collector, Factorial, String Reversal, Quicksort, see exercise 6 and 9.
  2   Joy of DP: Dynamic Programming in Action       See exercise 6.
  3   Towers of Hanoi       See exercise 6.
  4   Tower of Hanoi History & Instructions       See exercise 6.
  5   The Tower of Hanoi       See exercise 6.
  6   Towers from Hanoi       See exercise 6.
  7   Java Applets Centre: Tower of Hanoi       See exercise 6.
  8   Java Applets Centre: N-Queens Problem       See exercise 9.
  9   The Eight Queens Problem       See exercise 9.
  10   "The Eight Queens Problem"       See exercise 9.
  11   Backtracking: The Queens Problem       See exercise 9.
  12   Generate Solutions to n-Queens Problem       See exercise 9.
  13   Rat In a Maze       See Exam of 12.12.1995 number 4.
  14   MazeWorks - MazeGen       See Exam of 12.12.1995 number 4.
  15   Church's Thesis       Some mathematical.
  16   Recursion and Graphics       Pictures and program code (in Lisp).
    Permutation:
  1   Information on Permutations      
  2   Generate Permutations      
  3   Permutations       Follow links in the text, and at the end of the document.
    Fun:
  1   Recursive Painting      

 

Chapter 8: Elementary Sorting Methods

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  4   Sorting Algorithms   Selection, Insertion, Bubble, Shell     Choose Sorting method at the bottom left of the first window.
  5   Sorting Algorithms in C++   Selection, Insertion, Bubble, Shell     Choose Sorting method at the top and which array to be sorted.
  6   Animation of Sorting Algorithms   Selection, Insertion, Bubble, Shell   101-102 and 111   Covers all seven sorting methods in the textbook,
  but choose here one of the four relevant methods.
  (alternatively use: dmh2000 - Sorting Dynamics (Bubble and Shell))
  7   Animation of Sort Algorithms   Insertion     Press the "Run the Animation"-button in the middle of the page.
  13   Example of Sorting Algorithm's Animation   Insertion    
  14   Java Applets Centre: Bubble Sort   Bubble    
  15   Bubble   Bubble    
  16   Example of Sorting Algorithm's Animation   Bubble    
  17   Bubble Sort   Bubble    
  18   Bubblesort-Animation   Bubble     "Fun".
  19   Bubble Sort Program   Bubble     Note: Increasing sorting, and not decreasing
  (as in the textbook).
  20   Shell Sort   Shell    
  22   Java Animations of Shellsort and variants   Shell     Choose "Increment Sequence" at the bottom right.
  25   YouTube: What different sorting algorithms sound like.   Insert, Bubble, Selection, Merge, Gnome     Fun.

 

Chapter 9: Quicksort

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  3   Sorting Algorithms in C++       Choose "Quicksort" at the top and which array to be sorted.
  NOTE: Uses the left one as partition element.
  4   The Animation of Recursion - Quicksort       NOTE: Uses the left one as partition element.
  5   Sorting Algorithms       Choose "Quicksort" at the bottom left of the first window.
  9   The Animator       Choose "Quicksort" in the lower right corner.
  9B   Sorting Out Sorting (ver 2.0 - Demo)       Choose "Quicksort" at upper left, click "Add" and "Run Playlist".
  NOTE: Uses the left one as partition element.
  9C   Sort Applet       Choose "Quicksort" in the relevant drop-down-box.
  NOTE: Uses the middle one as partition element.
  9D   Interactive Quicksort 1.1       NOTE: Uses the left one as partition element.
  10   Quicksort      
  11   Java Applets Centre: Quick Sort      
  12   Quicksort-Animation       "Fun".
  13   Animation of Sorting Algorithms     125   Covers all seven methods in the textbook, but choose here "Quicksort".
  (alternatively use: dmh2000 - Sorting Dynamics)

 

Chapter 11: Priority Queues / Heaps

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations     148-154   Choose "Trees - Priority Queue" in the upper left corner.
  2   Heaps     148-154   Press the button "Run The Animation" at the bottom.
  2B   Java Applets Centre: Priority Queue     148-154   Note:Smallest number as the root/at the top!
  5   Data Structures and Algorithms: Heap Sort     156-159   Press the button "Run Heap Sort" at the bottom.
  7   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations     156-159   Choose "Sorting - Heap Sort" in the upper left corner.
  7B   Java Sortin Animation Page - Heap Sort     156-159  
  8   Sorting Algorithms     156-159   Choose "Heapsort" at the bottom left of the first window.
  9   Sorting Algorithms in C++     156-159   Choose "Heapsort" at the top and which array to be sorted.
  9B   Sorting Out Sorting (ver 2.0 - Demo)     156-159   Choose "Heapsort" at upper left, click "Add" and "Run Playlist".
  10   Heapsort     156-159   Press the button "ANIMATION" at the bottom.
  11   Heap sort visualization: Java applet     156-159   Note: Downheaps already when inserting (backwards)!
  12   Animation of Sorting Algorithms     158-159   Covers all seven methods in the textbook, but choose here "Heapsort".
  (alternatively use: dmh2000 - Sorting Dynamics)
  13   YouTube: Heapsort audibilization.       Fun.

 

Chapter 12: Mergesort

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Merge Example (of two arrays)     164  
  2   MergeSort demo with comparison bounds     165-166   See in the middle of the page/document.
  3   Java Applets Centre: Merge Sort     165-166  
  4   Mergesort     165-166  
  6   The Animator       Choose "Mergesort" in the lower right corner.
  8   Sorting Algorithms in C++     165-166   Choose "Mergesort" at the top and which array to be sorted.
  9   Animation of Sorting Algorithms     172-174   Covers all seven methods in the textbook, but choose here "Mergesort".
  (alternatively use: dmh2000 - Sorting Dynamics)

 

Chapter 14: Elementary Searching Methods

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Java Applets Centre: Linear Search     195   Unsorted array.
  2   Java Applets Centre: Binary Search     198-201   Sorted array.
  3   Java Applets Centre: Binary Search Tree (Search)     203-205  
  4   Java Applets Centre: Binary Search Tree (Insert, Delete)     205-211  
  5   Binary Treesome - The Applet     203-211   Choose "Tree: Sorted" and "Insert", Practice Adding/Deleting/Searching Nodes!
  6   Animated Binary Tree     203-211   Build your own Binary Tree 1
  8   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations     203-211   Choose "Trees - Search Trees" in the upper left corner.
  9   Binary Search Tree Program     203-209  
  11   Standard Binary Search Tree     203-209  

 

Chapter 15: Balanced Trees

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1B   Graphical 2-3-4 Tree     215-219  
  3   Red/Black Tree Demonstration     220-229  
  4   Data Structures and Algorithms: Red-Black Trees     220-229   Press the "Run Red-Black Tree Animation"-button at the bottom.
  5   Topic #18: Red-Black Trees     220-229  
  6   Red-Black Trees     220-229  
  8   Binary Search Tree (AVL)     220-229   Open "Options" in upper left corner - choose from menu.
  9   Binary Search Trees (Stromceky)     220-229   Choose "Red-black tree" from upper menu.
  10   Red-Black Tree Animation     220-229   Shows split and rotation in a good way.
  11   dmh2000 Red-Black Trees     220-229  

 

Chapter 16: Hashing

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Separate-Chaining Hash Table   Separate Chaining   234-236  
  2   Hash Table Demonstration - Separate Chaining   Separate Chaining   234-236  
  3   Linear-Probe Hash Table   Linear Probing   236-239  
  4   Data Structures and Algorithms: Hash Tables   Linear Probing   236-239   Press the "Run the Animation"-button at the bottom.
  5   Hash Table Demonstration - Linear Probing   Linear Probing   236-239  
  6   Double/Quad Hash Table   Double/Quad Hashing   239-242  
  7   Hashing Animation Tool   Several .....    

 

Chapter 22: File Compression

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  2   Huffman Encoding     324-330   Press the button "Run The Animation" at the bottom.
  3   Huffman Coding     324-330   Shockwave demo.
  5   Adaptive Huffman Compression     324-330  
  6   Lossless Data Compression (Huffman / Lempel-Ziv)     (324-330)   Animation of Lempel-Ziv in the middle of the page.
  7   LZW     (324-330)   Press the button almost at the bottom of the page.
    Compression Resources:
  1   Mitsuharu ARIMURA's Bookmarks on Source Coding/Data Compression      Huge list of compression resources.
    Lectures:
  1   Introduction to data compression       This article is curriculum in our course!
  2   Michael Dipperstein's Page O'Stuff       See comprehensive Compression-links in the upper left corner.
  4   Huffman Coding       "Long" detailed explanation!
  5   LZW Data Compression       "Long" detailed explanation with commentary!
    Facts / FAQs:
  1   Wikipedia: Data Compression      
  2   Compression FAQ (HTML)       Official FAQ.   ASCII-/TXT-version
  3   PKWARE: FAQs (on PKZip)       FAQs about PKZIP for different platforms/OS.

 

Chapter 29-33: General (Terms) About Graphs

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Graph Theory Glossary      
  1B   5.2 Graph Theory      
  2B   Wikipedia: Glossary of Graph Theory      
  3   JGraphEd       Excellent General Tool for Graph-drawing/-testing.   Download here.
  5   Programs for Graph Algorithm Package (IAPPGA)       Plain, Weighted and/or Directed graphs. Excellent page!

 

Chapter 29: Elementary Graphs Algorithms

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Class notes CS251B - Winter 1997: Graphs     415-423   See especially the animation near the bottom.
  2   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations - Categorizing
  (Connected?, Cycles?, Tree?)
    417   Choose "Graphs - Categorizing" in the upper left corner.
  3   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations - Representation
  (Adjacent Matrix)
    418-421   Choose "Graphs - Representation" in the upper left corner.
  5   Interactive Data Structure Visualizations - Searches (DFS/BFS)     423-433   Choose "Graphs - Searches" in the upper left corner.
  7   Java Applets Centre: Graph Traversal (DFS/BFS)     423-433  
  8   Class notes CS251B - Winter 1997: DFS     423-428   See especially the animation at the bottom.
  9   Example of Graph Algorithm's Animation - Depth-First-Search     423-428  
  10   Graph Algorithms Animation - DFS     423-428   Choose "Depth-First-Search" from "Select Menu".
  11   Class notes CS251B - Winter 1997: BFS     431-433   See especially the animation at the bottom.
  12   Example of Graph Algorithm's Animation - Breadth-First-Search     431-433  
  13   Graph Algorithms Animation - BFS     431-433   Choose "Breadth-First-Search" from "Select Menu".
  14   Wire Routing (Using Queues) - BFS       Practical "fun" use of BFS/Queue.
  15   BFS/DFS Animations     433   Shows the difference in a clear way.

 

Chapter 30: Connectivity

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Tutorial on Connected Components     437-438  
  2   Sets Union/Find Demonstration Program     441-449   The demo shows Union with Path Compression (without Weight Balancing)
  over the edges: 01, 23, 45, 24, 56, 87, search(4), 75, 29, search(6).
  3   Graphical Union-Find Structure     441-449   Build yourself Union(-Find) (without Path Compression and Weight Balancing).
  4   Union/Find Algorithm Visualization     441-449   Union with Path Compression.

 

Chapter 31: Weighted Graphs

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
    NOTE:The code at page 455 in the textbook is another
  implementation (it uses adjacency list and indirect heap) of Prim's (MST)
  and Dijkstra's (SP) algorithm at page 466 (that uses adjacency matrix and
  an unsorted/unordered array).
  (Kruskal's code at page 460 uses a different/another algorithm for MST.)
     
  1   Class notes CS251B - Winter 1997: Minimum Spanning Tree     452-458   See especially the animation at the bottom.
  3   Minimum Spanning Tree Demonstration Program     452-458  
  4   Graph Algorithms Animation - Minimum Spanning Tree     452-458   Choose "Minimum Spanning Tree" from "Select Menu".
  Increase the delay also.
  5   Prim/Kruskal/Dijkstra's Algorithm     454-467   Choose "Prim", "Kruskal" og "Dijkstra" Algorithm.
  6   5.7.1 Dijkstra Algorithm     461-465  
  7   Data Structures and Algorithms: Dijkstra's Algorithm     461-465   Press the button "Run the Animation" at the bottom.
  8   Shortest Path Problem: Dijkstra's Algorithm     461-465   Follow the link "Java Applet Demos" along the left margin.
  9   tutORial's Shortest Path Module     461-465  
  10   tutORial's Dijkstra's Algorithm Module     461-465  
  13   Class notes CS251B - Winter 1997: Shortest Path     (461-465)  
  14   Graph Algorithms Animation - Shortest Path     461-465   Choose "Shortest Path" from "Select Menu".
  15   Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm     461-465   Build your own graph and test!

 

Chapter 32: Directed Graphs

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  1   Depth First Search     472-473  
  2   Breadth First Search      
  2B   Application programs - Transitive Closure (Warshall's Algorithm)     473-476   See the second half of the page, and the animation at the bottom.
  3   All Pairs Minimum Routes Problem (Floyd's Algorithm)     476-478  
  4   All Pair Shortest Paths (Floyd's Algorithm)     476-478  
  5   Floyd-Warshall All-Pairs-Shortest-Path Algorithm     476-478  
  5B   Applet Floyd-Warshall     476-478  
  6   Class notes CS251B - Winter 1997: Directed Acyclic Graphs (Dag)     479-481   See especially the animation at the bottom.

 

Chapter 33: Network Flow

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Page:   Comments:
  3   Max-Flow Problem: Ford-Fulkerson Algorithm     487-489   Follow the link "Java Applet Demos" along the left margin.
  4   Max Flow Applet Home     487-489  
  6   Network Flow       Build yourself !
  7   Max Flow (of Ford-Fulkerson Method)     487-489   Build yourself !
  8   Maximum Flow Algorithms Applet     487-489   Build yourself !

 

Finite State Machine (NOT in the textbook):

    Link/URL:   Keywords:   Comments:
  1   DynaLab Finite State Automation Applet     Code: See number 2 below.
  2   FSM Animator     Press the red "Show Program Animator"-button at the bottom.
  Figure: See number 1 above.
  4   State Machine Simulator     Build your own FSM.
  8   reAnimator: Regular Expression FSA Visualizer     Click pink text, or write your own expression (by clicking "edit" in upper left corner).
  Write input text inside pink field along upper margin.
    Theory:
  1   Wikipedia: FSM    
  2   FSM (by Dr.Matt Stallmann)    
  3   Contemporary Logic Design     See chapter 8-10.
  4   Google Code Search: "C++" FSM    

 

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